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Germany: Turks protest one-sided Armenian motion

Germany: Turks protest one-sided Armenian motion
Turkish community representatives urge German lawmakers not to let one-sided motion undermine Turkish-Armenian reconciliation

BERLIN (AA) – Ethnic Turks are sharply criticizing a draft German parliament resolution set for a vote Thursday that calls the mass deportation of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire a genocide but makes no reference to the death of millions of Muslims during World War I.

Gokay Sofuoglu, head of the Turkish Community in Germany (TGD) umbrella group, said the politically motivated resolution would not help reconciliation between Turkey and Armenia, but could further alienate Turkish immigrants in the country.

“We have been arguing for many years that there is a need for establishing a commission of historians, carrying out extensive research, and later on taking steps in line with its outcome,” he told Anadolu Agency, pointing to disputes among historians about the events of 1915.

Sofuoglu said it is not up to parliaments but for international courts to decide whether the deportation of Armenians involved systematic killings, as claimed by the Armenian historians, but disputed by many Turkish scholars.

“Genocide is a special concept in law. Decisions of parliaments change over time. In the future you may have another group getting a majority in parliament and making a completely different decision on that,” he commented.

- Double standards towards Turkey

Asiye Bilgin, deputy head of the influential conservative Union of European Turkish Democrats (UETD), said the motion ignores historians’ differing views on the events of 1915 but vehemently backs the Armenians’ theses.

“In recent years, Turks in Germany have been uneasy about politicians’ double standard on issues related to Turkey. They are losing confidence in German politics. We hope that German lawmakers won’t lead to the Turkish community being further alienated,” she said.

Bilgin underlined that passage of the motion would have a negative impact on integration, as well as relations between Turkey and Germany.

Germany’s parliament is set to vote Thursday on the controversial resolution submitted by the parliamentary groups of the ruling Christian Democrats, its coalition partner Social Democrats, and the opposition Green Party.

The non-binding resolution accuses the Ottoman government of 1915 of carrying out systematic genocide against Armenians, as well as other Christian minorities.

Turkey objects to the presentation of the incidents as “genocide” and describes the 1915 events as a tragedy for both sides.

- Merkel to skip vote

Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition government has not actively supported the controversial resolution, but also has not tried to block it in parliament.

Merkel’s spokeswoman said Wednesday that she would not attend the vote on Thursday, due to scheduling conflicts.

But deputy government spokeswoman Christiane Wirtz confirmed that Merkel had voted in favor of the draft resolution, during a consultative vote in her parliamentary group.

Merkel has recently faced widespread criticism from the media and opposition parties for her close cooperation with Turkey to address the refugee crisis.

Critics argue that Merkel made Germany dependent on Turkey, and is giving into pressure from Ankara on many foreign policy issues, while shying away from criticizing human rights shortcomings.

Many lawmakers from the ruling parties back the resolution to demonstrate to the public that they are not giving into pressure from Ankara.

If approved Thursday, the resolution would be the first one by a German parliament clearly calling the Armenian tragedy of 1915 a “genocide”.

- Berlin hopes cooperation will continue

German Foreign Ministry spokesman Martin Schafer said Wednesday that Berlin hopes that the resolution will not undermine close cooperation between Germany and Turkey in addressing common challenges.

“I hope and also expect that the possible decision of Germany’s federal parliament tomorrow will not bring any long-term damage to relations with Turkey,” Schafer told reporters in Berlin.

“On the contrary we have many issues that we would like to address together with Turkey, including the years-long process of Turkey’s membership application to Turkey, but also many other issues. That also includes the refugee deal,” he added.

- What happened in 1915?

World War I was a global disaster that left 15 million people dead and another 20 million injured. The empires of the Ottomans, Austria-Hungary, and Russia collapsed and boundaries were remapped. Millions of people had to leave their homes – a common fate for the people who formed the Ottoman Empire, including Armenians.

During the war, some Armenian nationalists took advantage of the fact that the Ottoman and Russian forces were fighting each other and collaborated with the Russian army, with the aim of creating an ethnically homogenous Armenian homeland.

When the Russian army invaded eastern Anatolia, some volunteer Armenian units in Russia and the Ottoman Empire supported the invasion. Some Armenian officials in the Ottoman army switched sides and joined the invading Russian army against the Turks.

Also, some Armenian armed groups massacred civilians during the Russian invasion. In response, the Ottoman government tried to convince Armenian representatives and opinion leaders to stop the violence, but to no avail.

The government then decided to shut down the Armenian revolutionary committees and arrest or deport some well-known figures on April 24, 1915 – a date that would later be selected to hold activities commemorating the so-called "Armenian genocide".

On May 27, 1915, the Ottoman government ordered the Armenian population residing in or near the war zone, as well as those collaborating with the Russian army, to be relocated to the southern Ottoman provinces.

Wartime conditions, famine, epidemics, ongoing internal conflicts, and local groups seeking revenge left a number of Armenians dead, although the Ottoman government had made careful plans for their safe transfer and tried to meet their humanitarian needs.

Historical documents clearly show that the Ottoman government not only did not intend for these tragedies to take place, but also punished offenders who committed crimes against the relocated Armenians.

- Need for empathy and fair memory

Armenia and the Armenian diaspora have demanded an apology and compensation for the 1915 incidents.

They have also advocated recognition of the events as “genocide,” a term defined in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”.

Turkey objects to the presentation of the incidents as “genocide” and describes the 1915 events as a tragedy for both sides.

Turkey argues that the issue should be handled from a perspective of “just memory,” by respecting the “memory” of both sides, understanding what each nation experienced, and taking a non-political, non-biased approach to history.

The Turkish government has repeatedly proposed the creation of a joint commission of historians from both countries that includes international experts in order to tackle the issue in a scientific manner.

The commission is proposed to conduct its research, not only by using Turkish and Armenian archives, but also by using the relevant archives of other countries.

- Armenia passed up opportunity to normalize relations

The most significant development in the normalization of relations between the two countries was in October 2009, when two protocols were signed to rebuild diplomatic relations and improve bilateral ties.

The protocols proposed an impartial scientific examination of the historical records and archives and the mutual recognition of boundaries in order to restore confidence between the two nations and find solutions to existing problems.

The protocols also included cooperation in a wide range of areas including tourism, the economy, transport, communication, energy, environment, high-level political consultations, and student exchange programs, which could all help in normalizing relations.

The Turkish government sent the protocols directly to parliament for approval, while the Armenian government submitted the protocols to the Constitutional Court, which ruled that they did not abide by the nature and wording of the country’s Constitution.

The Constitution refers to the "Armenian Declaration of Independence," in which an item reads: "The Republic of Armenia stands in support of the task of achieving international recognition of the 1915 Genocide in Ottoman Turkey and Western Armenia”.

The declaration also calls the eastern part of modern-day Turkey "Western Armenia”.

In January 2010, the Armenian government announced that it had frozen the approval process of the protocols. Five years later, the protocols were withdrawn from the Armenian parliament.

Turkish authorities believe that in order to overcome the historical and political bitterness, all sides must be honest and open-minded.

Turkey's then foreign minister and incumbent Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said in December 2013, following his visit to Armenia, that one-sided approaches and conjectural evaluations should be avoided in order to find a solution. He added that history could only be built with a "just memory”.

In 2014, when incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was still prime minister, he expressed his condolences for the first time to all Ottoman citizens who lost their lives during the 1915 events, including Armenians.

"I offered a hand of friendship in 2014 to Armenia, but, unfortunately, it came to nothing," Erdogan said in a speech.

source: News Feed
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