ADDS DETAILS THROUGHOUT
By Michael Hernandez
WASHINGTON (AA) - The US announced Monday it is sanctioning a wide swathe of Iran's defense industry, including its ministry, in a bid to prevent the country from trading in arms ahead of the looming expiration of a UN embargo.
Addressing reporters at the State Department, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the sanctions target Iran's defense ministry and its Defense Industries Organization, which is a conglomerate of companies that support the defense ministry, as well as its director.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is the first individual to face follow-on sanctions, Pompeo announced, casting the penalty as a warning to all other nations against trading in arms with Iran.
"For nearly two years corrupt officials in Tehran have worked with the illegitimate regime in Venezuela to flout the UN arms embargo," the top diplomat said during a rare intra-agency press conference that brought together top officials and cabinet chiefs. "Our actions today are a warning that should be heard worldwide: No matter who you are, if you violate the UN arms embargo on Iran you risk sanctions.”
The US has unilaterally announced it will enforce all UN sanctions on Iran that were lifted or eased as part of the 2015 nuclear agreement Tehran struck with world powers. The agreement placed unprecedented curbs on the country's nuclear program in exchange for relief from the biting economic penalties.
Under the agreement the UN's arms embargo on Iran is due to expire in October after the US failed to pass a Security Council resolution that would have extended it further.
The US move to re-enforce UN sanctions on Iran in a process known as "snapback" is also intended to ensure the embargo doesn't lapse, but none of the nuclear deal's other signatories agree the US has standing to invoke the mechanism after US President Donald Trump unilaterally left the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in 2018.
The position is also held by nearly all Security Council members who agree the US did not trigger the process when Washington says it did last month. Most of the world is ignoring the declaration.
Kelly Craft, the US envoy to the UN, alluded to Washington's isolation within the Security Council, saying "we don’t need a cheering section to validate our moral compass."
"We do not find comfort solely on numbers, particularly when the majority has found themselves in an uncomfortable position of underwriting terrorism, chaos and conflict. We refuse to be members of that club,” Craft said alongside Pompeo .
In addition to Iran's defense industry, the US is also blacklisting over two dozen individuals and entities that allegedly aid Iran's nuclear, missile, and conventional arms-related activities. The designation are under a new executive order issued by Trump Monday morning.
Trump said in a statement that under the order the US has now unilaterally "restored UN sanctions on Iran."
"The Iranian regime has repeatedly lied about its secret nuclear weapons archive and denied access to international inspectors, further exposing the deep flaws of the last administration’s failed nuclear deal from which I withdrew the United States," Trump said.
"My actions today send a clear message to the Iranian regime and those in the international community who refuse to stand up to Iran," he added.
The sanctioned entities and individuals include three Deputy Directors of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, five scientists involved in Iran's nuclear program, the Advanced Technologies Company of Iran (IATC), Mesbah Energy Company and Iran's Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute.