• İstanbul 21 °C
  • Ankara 22 °C

Tuberculosis becomes deadliest infectious diseases worldwide after COVID in 2021

Tuberculosis becomes deadliest infectious diseases worldwide after COVID in 2021
1.6M people died from tuberculosis in 2021, with over 80% of deaths in low, middle-income countries, says WHO

By Mustafa Deveci

ANKARA (AA) - Tuberculosis was recorded as the world's deadliest infectious disease after COVID-19 in 2021, as 1.6 million people died due to the illness, according to the World Health Organization.

Tuberculosis is an airborne contagious infection that can affect all tissues and organs such as lungs, bones, eyes, and skin.

Although it is possible to treat it thanks to scientific studies, tuberculosis continues to claim a serious number of lives across the world every year.

According to the WHO, an estimated 10.6 million people, including 1.2 million children, fell ill with the disease globally and 1.6 million died in 2021.

On March 24 each year, World Tuberculosis Day is observed globally to raise public awareness about the preventable and curable disease.

Tereza Kasaeva, WHO Global Tuberculosis Program director, said 2023 is a critical year to push forward the agenda towards ending the disease, as there are several high level opportunities to raise visibility, increased political commitment and enhance investments for tuberculosis response.

“The theme of world TB day 2023 'Yes! We can end TB!', reflects this and aims to inspire hope and encourage high-level leadership, increased investments, faster uptake of new WHO recommendations, adoption of innovations, accelerated action, and multisectoral collaboration to combat the TB epidemic,” Kasaeva said in a video message.

She said despite global efforts to fight tuberculosis, nearly 4,400 individuals lose their lives on a daily basis, and around 30,000 others become ill, “while global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 74 million lives since the year 2000.”

- Over 80% of deaths are in low, middle-income countries

People who suffer from undernutrition face a tripled risk compared to others. About 2.2 million cases in 2021 are estimated to be caused due to undernutrition.

More than 80% of deaths from the disease occur in low and middle-income countries.

- More than two-thirds of cases occurred in South Asia, Africa

Although it is seen in every region of the world, South Asia is at the forefront of the regions where tuberculosis was most common in 2021. According to the WHO report, 46% of cases in 2021 were seen in South Asia and 23% in Africa.

The WHO report pointed out that two-thirds of the worldwide tuberculosis cases in 2020 were seen in eight countries – India, Indonesia, China, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

- Global fight against tuberculosis

After the WHO declared tuberculosis a "global emergency" in 1993, steps have been taken to combat the disease across the globe.

The UN has set one of its sustainable development goals to end the disease by 2030. Furthermore, the WHO has implemented the Tuberculosis Action Plan for the WHO European Region 2023-2030 as part of its end tuberculosis strategy.

The action plan aims to reduce incidence by 80% and deaths by 90 % in the WHO European Region, including Türkiye.

Diagnosis and treatment services for tuberculosis are offered free of charge by all health institutions in Türkiye.

All drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis patients are also supplied by the Turkish Health Ministry.

*Writing by Seda Sevencan

source: News Feed
This news is a total 46 time has been read
UYARI: Küfür, hakaret, rencide edici cümleler veya imalar, inançlara saldırı içeren, imla kuralları ile yazılmamış,
Türkçe karakter kullanılmayan ve büyük harflerle yazılmış yorumlar onaylanmamaktadır.
This news yet comment has been added .
Other News
All Rights Reserved © May 2014 US Muslims | Unauthorized and the resources published.
Haber Scripti: CM Bilişim